Data citation is a relatively new concept in the scholarly landscape and as yet, is not routinely done by researchers, or expected by most journals. What could be done to encourage routine citation of research data and software associated with research outputs?
In my uni work I need to reference materials in APA style. I have not yet referenced a data set. The APA Style blog has an entry on how to cite a data set. It’s given the “miscellaneous object” treatment, in that you need to specify its format, [Data Set], in a way you don’t need to for journal articles, books, or even webpages. To me this signifies that it’s still a “rare” type of citation.
In terms of building a culture of data citation, I think giving a dataset a DOI goes a long way to “legitimise” the document in the minds of readers and make people feel more inclined to cite it.
It may feel shallow, but I’m convinced that presenting data in an attractive way makes it more likely to be cited. The visualisations created with infogram are pretty sexy. Data visualisations are just easier to read and make the material more engaging. Also having a nice layout makes them look “pro”, while looking at an excel spreadsheet may (even subconsciously) give a reader a sense that the work is incomplete.
The expectation in my age group is that you should know how to google. There’s a website built entirely for sarcasm purposes called Let Me Google That For You. Say someone reaches out on social media or a forum asking a question that can VERY EASILY be solved through a google search. You reply, but you don’t tell them the information; you send them a link that will tell them what they should have done.
A friend of mine was asking for peer-reviewed research on facebook. “Does anyone have any articles on something-something?” I didn’t think this was an appropriate forum to seek out such information, and I am a jerk, so I decided to punish him. I knew there must be a Let Me Google Scholar That For You somewhere out there. There is, by the way. So I sent him one with keywords relevant to his question. Received a “yeah, I tried that…” in response. Some helpful librarian I am.
But it makes me think we live in a culture that punishes (real or perceived) ignorance. No wonder students don’t flock to the potentially judgy librarian at the reference desk with their “stupid questions”. The reference librarians’ job, sometimes, is literally googling things for people. That’s not a bad thing, but the demand for such services has declined dramatically as information retrieval became less specialised and more expected of everybody.
I detect a sense of shame from students that ask me for help with finding information. One student got jokingly heckled by his mates, as if it was “cheating” to have a librarian help him find journal articles for his assignment. I don’t want students to feel that way. But no matter how approachable, professional, and “here to help” librarians are with our information services, there’s no way we can push back against that expectation in society that you ought to do your own searching.
Of course there are some libraries where traditional “reference” is still in business. Law libraries, Medical libraries, Parliamentary libraries, etc. Their client base is made up of busy people, usually with complex and specific information inquires, and why on earth wouldn’t they take advantage of such a specialised service. But I know academic libraries are rapidly abandoning the “reference desk”, if they haven’t already. “Reference librarian” roles have morphed into more education-focused roles. And I think that’s the way of the future.
Usually when something familiar suddenly changes, particularly a design such as a layout or logo, I notice immediately, and usually not in a positive way. Some people have reacted this way to Google’s new logo. I get it. It’s a long-standing and familiar thing in our lives. Imagine if you woke up one day and your spouse’s face looked entirely different. It would be off-putting.
This time I felt the change was positive and mild. I think these are the reasons why:
It’s still got the same familiar colour scheme. The day they abandon those 4 friendly colours will be the day I riot. The colours are the most significant part of the logo for me.
I’m used to it changing. You know how the logo is always changing to commemorate special days? There’s even an official name for it – the Google Doodle. It has caused me to think of Google’s logo as a dynamic, not static, thing.
I don’t actually look at the logo that much. I never really fostered that much familiarity with Google’s logo in my daily web use. Like Matthew Kassel said in The Observer, chrome users don’t actually go to Google’s home page, we use the browser bar to search, and only see the logo in its unimposing location of the top left corner on the search result page. For me, the main thing that takes getting used to is the new tab icon:
Because website tab icons are something I look at and interact with on a more constant level.
Meh. I didn’t even like the old one! Times New Roman (it’s probably not exactly Times New Roman, sorry typographers) is not a logo font. Don’t get me wrong – Google made it work for them – but it had a certain “old web” aesthetic to it. Opting for a friendly sans serif font is a welcome move in my opinion.
Fun fact: the primary way I read books is on my phone. Of the last 20 books I’ve read, 2 have been paperbacks, and the rest on my phone. That’s 90%.
I read all the A Song of Ice and Fire novels this way. That’s over 1.5 million words, read on a small glowing screen. Some might say that is a travesty. I thought it was highly convenient.
Here are my reasons for preferring smartphone compatible e-books over ‘real’ books.
Easier to hold
I’m so lazy, I feel inconvenienced by the need to hold a book open with my hands. It’s no good for reclining on my side or standing up on the train. Whereas a phone you can hold and click through the pages with one hand. I usually don’t even hold it; I just prop it up somewhere and occasionally press the edge of the screen to go to the next page.
Harder to damage
There is extreme danger associated with lugging a book around in the same bag as my water bottle. I have soaked too many books and other important paper-based documents that way.
I used to keep books on the same bedside table as my night time glass of water, which would inevitably get knocked over and spill all over the books frequently. When I was a kid I destroyed one of my brother’s beloved Deltora Quest books that I was borrowing from him. I still feel a bit guilty about that. One time I got on a train on a rainy day holding an umbrella and accidentally got a huge water droplet on someone’s book while they were just sitting there trying to read it. The guilt!
Plus most of my own books are wavy with water damage.
Spilling water on my phone isn’t ideal either, but it doesn’t seem to happen.
When I finished A Clash of Kings on the train I immediately downloaded A Storm of Swords there and then and kept reading like a ravenous fiend. The idea of waiting until I can next physically attend a library before I can borrow a book is, thankfully, a thing of the past for me.
I’ve always got it
Smartphones have become an all-purpose device, and e-book reader seems like an appropriate addition to the list of functions we use them for everyday. No additional expensive hardware, no complicated and over-involved download process. Nothing extra to put in your bag. Just an app on your smartphone or tablet. I read more because of it.
Today I had a bit of a laugh at Phil Bradley’s post on what happens when you ask Google about dinosaurs.
The first result when you search: “what happened to the dinosaurs” is a page from AnswersInGenesis.org (a Creationist organisation who argue against the theory of evolution), and is given Google’s V.I.P. treatment – a special box with large text that basically “here’s your answer – right here!”
Well, it IS an interesting answer, but not one I’d recommend to a kid for their school assignment.
I was quite amused, and got inspired to geek out and really dissect what went wrong here. So much so that it triggered me to start a blog about library and information stuff, which I’ve wanted to do for a while, but lacked the motivation until now. (Yay, first post! Hello world! etc)
I had a go at Googling the same thing. By the time I did, the V.I.P. box has been updated with a page from University of Illinois.
However, the first result under the page is still the Answers in Genesis page, and a book by Dr. Kem Ham (CEO of the same group) appears to the left of the web results:
Thanks for nothing, Google?
No, I wouldn’t say that. As far as I’m concerned, Google is doing its job, which is to return the most relevant and highest ranked web results to a particular query. The page titles use very similar to the words to the search query and it even sources a book which has nearly the same title. And as far as Google is concerned, AnswersinGenesis.org is a good website. It’s updated frequently, it doesn’t have viruses, and lots of other pages link to it.
It’s our job to find the information that answers our question.
But when Google is not forthcoming, how do we do it? It’s simple: search better.
Basically I think the problem is the search query. Traditionally speaking, searches are meant to be based on keywords. Typing in an actual question, like “what happened to…” is literally asking Google to spoon-feed you an answer. Generally, and if the question is simple enough, Google is smart enough to do it. e.g.:
Sometimes this function backfires, and the dinosaurs search is a fantastic example. It kind of reminds us that Google is not a knowledge machine, it’s just an internet search engine.
If we change our approach, we get better results immediately.
I took a keyword approach and searched for: dinosaurs extinction
Clearly “extinction” makes a better keyword than “happened to”.
Now if I really use my google-fu, and add a site:edu limiter to limit to websites with an educational domain, it gets better again (and cuts out those pesky Wikipedia results). Have a look:
SO much better. You see, we were so preoccupied with whether or not we could type questions into Google, that we didn’t stop to think if we should.